Foren

ZUR TESLA-COMMUNITY
REGISTRIERENEinloggen

Looking for actual highway mileage results

I haven't picked a battery capacity yet.

Does anyone have actual observed mileage when traveling on the highway under realistic conditions.

For me, realistic conditions are:
70 - 75 MPH.
A/C running.
Radio on.
Outside temps between 70 - 95 degrees (I live in Florida).

I need to go 130 miles a day (65 to work, 65 back home). Work charging is an option, but I'd prefer to just charge @ night.

Will the 60kWh work for me? I'd like to save my cash and avoid the 85 if possible.

I'm looking for numbers on both the 60kWh and 85kWh batteries.

Vielen Dank!

I have the 85kWh
Drove 135 miles to Sacramento from San Jose days after receiving the car in December
Freeway speed (70-80mph) and temp was probably in the 40's
1000ft climb out of silicon valley
Left with a standard charge (240 rated miles) and had 40 rated miles left when I got there.

Oh yeah
Radio was on
Heater was on
2 kids in car seats in the back

@Brant, thanks!

In Brant's case, he spent 200 rated miles and achieved 135 actual miles

135/200 = .675

Using this ratio here's what my guess as to what to expect from the other battery sizes for highway driving. (NOTE: i have no idea what the rated miles are for the other batteries, I just took 240/300 to come up with .8

battery	advertised        rated miles            actual miles   
size          on tesla.com    (.8 * advertised)     (.675 * rated miles)
85	        300	                 240	                      162
60	        230	                 184	                      124.2
40	        160	                 128	                        86.4

Does that look about right? if so, it looks like i'm headed toward the 85kWh club

I drove from Sunnyvale to Napa Valley via Highway 101-Highway 80-Highway 29 with my 85kWh car. Round trip took 195 miles. Freeway speed was in average 65 mph to 75 mph. Highlights, radio and navigate map were on and climate control was set at 72. Including myself, two adults were in the car. My car actually consumed 235 rated miles. Left home with 231 rated miles and in Napa used J1772 charger spent two hours to charge 45 rated miles. Got back home with 41rated miles remaining.

Thanks @bradslee Your trip yielded a better rated/actual mileage ratio of .829

Based on your results the table changes to:

kWh  advertised   rated    actual
85    300              240      198.96
60    230              184      152.53
40    160              128      106.11

@Deanhuff
"I drove from Sunnyvale to Napa Valley via Highway 101-Highway 80-Highway 29 with my 85kWh car. Round trip took 195 miles. Freeway speed was in average 65 mph to 75 mph. Highlights, radio and navigate map were on and climate control was set at 72. Including myself, two adults were in the car. My car actually consumed 235 rated miles. Left home with 231 rated miles and in Napa used J1772 charger spent two hours to charge 45 rated miles. Got back home with 41rated miles remaining."

If you use these data points its 195/235 = .83

.83x240=199
.83x184=152
.85x128=106

These numbers are from a standard charge--which you would use for commuting. Obviously a max range charge would be higher. When in doubt--go with the 85, and if you are an adrenaline junkie---go with the p85.

Also don't forget that the battery will loose some capacity over the years.

trip from philly to NY and back 120 miles each way. 45 degrees. range mode set to on. climate set to 72.
left with 240 rated miles arrived in the Bronx with 101 Miles. speed was 67 MPH
added range by charging at the Botanical Gardens and left the Bronx with 153 rated miles.
Drove 62 MPH until I was about 45 miles from home them upped to 67 MPH. 22 Rated miles upon return. return trip was dark out.
hope this helps!

my experience going LA to Vegas was 350-360 Wh/mile in my P85 (60 is a little more efficient). While there are some climbs, I find that the car is very good about recovering perhaps 90% of the climb energy on the way back down (so you just need to look at the net altitude change from start to charging location). To be safe, what I do is derate the "rated range" by 20%. I posted spreadsheet calculations and reference charts at http://hannelconsulting.com/tesla

I'm sure everyone knows that wind resistance increase by the square of speed making speed the biggest predictor of range.

Good point - a 10mph head or tailwind makes a big difference. We need airspeed indicator in addition to groundspeed!

There is a simple way to get this information. Model S provides a running analysis of watt hrs/mile of energy use. . I've got a little over 4000 miles on my Model S Signature. Most of it in lousy traffic with quite a few hills and everything running. My average energy use is 375 watt hrs/mi. So if you divide the amount of energy in your battery by this number it will give you the miles you can go. So for my 85kw battery, I can go on average 226 miles on a FULL charge to 100% empty-- which you don't want to do. However, I've checked it for highway driving at ~70 mph on reasonably level terrain and it is about 315 watt hrs/ mi (with lights, radio etc all on). That would give me a realistic range of 250 miles leaving 5 kW in the battery, for highway driving . So if you used on ave 320 watt hrs mi, and used 55 kW in your 60 kW battery you could go about 175 miles. However, if you charge to only 80% (48 kW), which is what you want to do routinely, you really will only have about 135-140 miles of range if you leave a few kW in the battery (which you want to do). . Charging it to full capacity on a daily basis is not recommended and will severely shorten the lifespan of the battery, or so we've been told. Pardon the typos, done on an iPhone.

You guys have seen Tesla's range calculator, right? Of course, it doesn't go past 65...

http://www.teslamotors.com/goelectric#range

I guess the question is "is it accurate" if you stick within the parameters they provide? I don't have my car yet so I can't say... Anyone tried matching it up with the real world?

It depends quite a bit how you drive and what kind of traffic you are facing. From the net I could assume it is quite good average, but there are obviously quite a bit exceptions to the rule (main one seems to be that no-one buying this car can drive it in sane manner, nearly everyone is driving like they stole it for first few weeks at least: it's just too fun)

lph;
lose loose

One thing obvious from all the accounts is the flexibility of wh/mi usage. By manipulating speed and frequency of acceleration, etc., trade-offs between distance and fun can be quite extensively managed.

@Deanhuff - you are using 240 when you should be using 265: 240 is a regular charge; 265 is a range charge - the equivalent of a 300 mile charge. Spoke to an MS owner the other day who did a real world 230 mile run on a range charge, and arrived with about 20 miles to spare.

This blog post http://www.teslamotors.com/blog/model-s-efficiency-and-range shows the S range at c.450 miles at 25 mph. The real world number achieved at the end of last year was 423. The graph also shows 225 miles at 75 mph, and over a 20 mile run that's about what I was getting on the freeway in FL.

Based on limited data it looks like the graph is pretty accurate, and may even under predict range at higher speeds.

Note that this is very dependent on weight. Rolling resistance is proportional to weight and dominates over aero drag below 60 mph, so adding three or four passengers and luggage will add c.15% to the weight of the car, and hence decrease real world range.

Agree with Deaton52. I seem to average around 315-325 watts/mile in typical 70-74 MPH highway conditions (typical implying radio and A/C on).

I just drove 400 miles roundtrip from San Antonio to Houston.

SA to Houston = 321 Wh/mile. Downhill 700 feet, crosswind, 72 MPH cruise control for 3/4 trip.

Houston to SA = 341 Wh/mile. Uphill 700 feet, 5 mph headwind for half the drive, 72 MPH cruise control for 3/4 trip.

AC on low both ways, radio too. No lights. 75 degrees. Max charged both, started with 266 range, ended with 42 miles available after SA to Houston, 22 or so (forget) coming back.

Get 85 for peace of mind.

www.teslamodels.wordpress.com

@nickjhowe - I wanted to avoid range mode in my assumptions since I don't intend on using range mode during my daily commute. Thanks for the link to the blog post...very informative.

@Cattledog - agreed...85kWh is for me.

Driving constant 75mph with heater and radio, I should get about 215mi on a range charge.

I think if you get the 60kWh you should plan to charge at work or drive slower.

An older blog about driving a Model S cross country. They have a link to a spreadsheet with good data along with elevations for the trip.

Access via http://teslamodelsxc.wordpress.com/ then click Datalog.

I have the 85 and just did a trip from Calabasas to Morro Bay. Did a range charge and drove 215 miles there an had about 37 projected range left. If I remember correctly used about 315 kw/m. Coming back we did 193 miles and also had 37 projected range. Usage was 344 kw/m. Not sure why the higher usage, tried to keep cruise control on as much as possible set at 72mph. I think elevation change net was about 800 feet. Also came back early in morning so temperature was about 15 degrees cooler.

Take a look at the comprehensive post here:

http://www.teslamotorsclub.com/showthread.php/13220-Putting-some-numbers...

He has a chart toward the bottom of the post where he details the energy consumption and conditions on a 3,000 mile trip from Redmond, WA to Death Valley and back.

I have a P85 and I drive 18.6 miles each way (37.2 round trip) to work each day. A combination of about 50/50 surface and highway driving. Running speed with traffic (45 to 75 mph) with the radio and lights I have been using only an average of 280 watts / mile. In cold weather, (<20 F) the heat uses considerable more energy increasing consumption to 380 - 400 watts / mile.

I am seeing between 22% to 35% off of my "rated" range. So if I am traveling from point A to B and the distance is 100 miles, I will need between 122 and 135 miles of rated range to make it safely. I kept a fairly detailed spreadsheet using Google Earth to look at changes in elevation and also map out my speed. The cold weather also seemed to be play a big role.

Range anxiety comes with the EV territory.

Today I drove my 85 non-performance Model S 240 miles in range mode, 42 degrees F, zero traffic, perfectly flat land on DelMarVa. Route was from Arnold, MD to Rock Hall, MD, to Pungoteague, VA via the Whitehaven Ferry. I had to include the ferry shortcut, as going the typical route around Salisbury, MD would have exceeded range potential and there are NO charge points on the Eastern Shore yet, except one Nissan dealer. I had only 4 miles range left when pulling into my garage. Way too close for comfort, and didn't make a couple stops I would have in a regular car, such as to pick up groceries. Never went over 55, used cruise control most of the time, started with max range charge, babied the accelerator, used almost no brakes, radio on, all exterior lights off.

I can't imagine how to get 300 miles or anywhere close to that, or even the 265 rated. I could not have driven more gently or in more ideal conditions than today. In hindsight, using the TM real world range calculator at 32 degrees (won't let me put in 42) shows a range of 249, only five more than I got today counting the 4 miles I had to "spare". Definitely some compromises and range anxiety with these cars. Took me about an hour longer than normal for this trip due to driving slow, and spent the whole drive worried about the car and what I would do if it couldn't make it, with no bail-out option, all the while passing dozens of gas stations. I love the Model S, but it is not a real substitute for the freedom offered by more conventional cars.

Hopefully a SuperCharger will ease your worries.

I have been keeping a driving log. Here is my google doc that has information such as miles, range start, range end, outside temperature, approx freeway speed when appropriate, ...

I haven't been keeping track of inside car temperature, but I tend to run with the heat set at 75 deg.

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0AnAuTpFPlWZTdFpvb2hXUzRWcHh...

This is for a P85.

Speed and temperature make big differences. With ~5000 miles my cumulative average is 303 Wh/mile which equates to 280 miles/85kW charge or 198 miles/60kW charge.
I agree with cattledog, get the 85 and don't look back. You will not have any regrets.


X Deutschland Site Besuchen